The independent institute sector
The institute sector accounts for about 25 per cent Norway's R&D expenditures, which is somewhat less than the higher education sector. The sector encompasses about 130 institutions, differing according to size, field and degree of R&D. Of these, approximately 60 are institutes with research as their primary focus.
These research institutes account for some 60 per cent of the sector's R&D activities. The remaining research is carried out at public administrative agencies, museums and archives, health institutions, etc.
The Government has issued guidelines for public funding of research institutes. These guidelines apply to institutes that receive basic funding from the Research Council as well as those that receive allocations directly from a ministry. Ministries responsible for the basic funding also determine the institutes for which the guidelines will apply on the basis of input from the Research Council.
The Research Council has a special strategic responsibility for the research institutes receiving public basic funding. The Research Council also gives advice on the framework and objectives for various forms of regulations and funding with a view to promoting a cohesive policy for the whole institute sector.
The Research Council prepares annual reports on the activities of the research institutes on commission from the responsible ministries.
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